The following article provides information about the procedure, various complications involved, and recovery period after this procedure.
Dental implants are changing the way people live. They are designed to provide a foundation for replacement teeth that look, feel, and function like natural teeth. The person who has lost teeth regains the ability to eat virtually anything, knowing that teeth appear natural and that facial contours will be preserved. Patients with dental implants can smile with confidence.
A tooth comprises two parts: the exposed portion which is the crown and the root which is present within the gum. A structure almost similar to the real tooth is created during a dental implant surgery. The implant (titanium rod) placed in the jawbone actually serves as the root for the damaged or missing tooth. An artificial tooth is attached to the implant that serves as a crown.
How are dental implants placed?
Most dental implant surgery procedures are performed in the dentist’s office and occasionally in a hospital setting. Local anesthesia is usually adequate for these out-patient procedures but various other forms of patient sedation (such as nitrous oxide, and oral/or intravenous sedation) may also be used. Adjunctive surgical procedures, such as bone augmentation, may be performed as separate procedures or at the same time as implant placement. Each surgical procedure is different depending on the clinical situation as well as the preferences of the patient and dental practitioner/ surgeon.
Prior to the surgery, the doctor performs a thorough physical examination and analyzes the medical history of the prospective candidate. After confirming that the candidate is healthy and doesn’t have any blood clotting problems, the periodontist will give a final nod for the procedure. Just before the surgery, the patient is given anesthesia: either local or general.
The first implant procedure starts with making a cut in the gum, where the artificial tooth is to be fixed. A special drill is used to make a hole in the jawbone and then a titanium rod is fitted in the hole. Following this, the cut sites are stitched and proper dressing is done. The rod adheres and fuses with the adjacent tissue with time (about 3-6 months). This period is called osseointegration. After this, the second surgery is performed to fix a post that will support the artificial tooth. Lastly, the tooth (porcelain crown) is positioned above the post, which is then cemented together.
Swelling is a common development that manifests within the first few days of the procedure. Other discomfort symptoms include pain at the implant portion and bleeding and bruising of the injured tissues. During the recuperation period, the patient is prescribed painkillers and antibiotic medications. The doctor may also guide the candidate regarding what to eat after the surgery, and other basic lifestyle changes to ensure quick recovery.
Dental implants provide the following benefits:
Maintain the health of the adjacent teeth: When dental implants are placed, there is no need to grind down or damage adjacent teeth to cement a bridge or utilize the strength of adjacent teeth to carry their burden. In addition, dental implants can be brushed and flossed like natural teeth, making it easier to maintain the health of the mouth and avoid tooth decay or periodontal disease.
Decreased Bone Loss: When a tooth is missing from the mouth for a period of time, the jaw bone beneath the gums can begin to deteriorate. When dental implants are placed, the jaw bone fuses with the implant screw and maintains its natural, healthy growth and development.
Increased stability: Dental implants are made with medical-grade titanium, which fuses with the jaw bone during the healing period, creating the most stable restoration available and helping to ensure that the dental implant acts just like a natural tooth. Patients with dental implants have no trouble biting into apples, eating chewy foods like caramel, or speaking and enunciating properly.
A Long-Term Solution: Once the implants are in place, they will serve you well for many years if you take care of them and keep your mouth healthy. This means taking the time for good oral hygiene (brushing and flossing) and keeping regular appointments with your dental specialists.
Enhanced Aesthetics: Dental implant crowns are replicated to fit into every patient’s mouth uniquely so that the restoration looks just like the original, healthy tooth, thus allowing patients to smile with ease.